5 Common Myths about Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that affects millions of people all over the world. It is a complicated condition that is frequently misunderstood. Even though this ailment affects a large number of people, there are still a lot of myths and misconceptions about it. People with schizophrenia may face prejudice and abuse because of these false beliefs. To help promote a better knowledge of this condition, we shall dispel five commonly believed myths regarding schizophrenia in this blog post. Additionally, we’ll touch upon the diagnosis of disorganized schizophrenia to shed light on a specific subtype of this disorder.

Myth 1: People with Schizophrenia have a Split and Multiple Personality

Fact: Schizophrenia is a separate related condition to dissociative identity disorder, which involves personality “splitting.”

A widespread misunderstanding is that people with schizophrenia have multiple or split personalities. This confusion likely stems from the term “schizophrenia” itself, which translates to “split mind” in Greek. However, this terminology refers to a split between thinking, feeling, and behavior, not the presence of multiple personalities. Individuals with schizophrenia experience disruptions in thought processes, perception, and emotions but do not have various distinct personalities.

Combining those two definitions could mislead people into believing that someone with schizophrenia has several personalities.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is the term used to describe a person who exhibits many personalities. Ballon explains that DID is a distinct disorder with distinct risk factors and is more closely associated with traumatic experiences.

Myth 2: People with Schizophrenia are violent and more dangerous

Fact: People with schizophrenia are wrongly identified as hazardous through their popular media portrayal.

Are people who have schizophrenia more likely to do dangerous things? One of the most harmful stereotypes associated with schizophrenia is the belief that individuals with this condition are inherently violent and dangerous. In reality, people with schizophrenia are more likely to be victims of violence than perpetrators. Most individuals with schizophrenia are not violent, and their behavior is no more dangerous than that of the general population. Challenging these stereotypes is essential to reduce the stigma surrounding the condition. Many times, people with schizophrenia live in unique houses, either by themselves if they are high-functioning or with their families. However, those who have this illness may still act unpredictably.

According to a 2012 survey, the majority (80%) of movies with schizophrenia characters show them to be aggressive. Although this study only examined films from 1990 to 2010, more current films with schizophrenic protagonists may be more responsive to facts about schizophrenia.

Another investigation done in 2016 discovered that several movies worsened the schizophrenic symptoms of their heroes. This exaggeration is likely the result of a complete ignorance of the condition, which is cruel to individuals who experience it.

Myth 3: People with Schizophrenia need Long-term hospitalization

Fact: In many cases, individuals with schizophrenia can be rehabilitated back into society.

Not every person with schizophrenia must be in a hospital for a long time. Some sufferers of this illness reside in group homes or with their relatives. A person may be admitted to the hospital if they develop schizophrenia symptoms for the first time or if they do so even after receiving treatment and medication. Research and publications on schizophrenia have grown considerably since the 1990s.

Here are some standard methods used to treat schizophrenia:

Therapeutic techniques that prevent the brain’s dopamine receptors from functioning (such as antipsychotic drugs).

The overall objective of behavioral and psychotherapy is to address cognitive deficits and enhance memory.

Enhancing psychological interactions (for instance, through workplace rehabilitation)

How well a person responds to a specific therapy modality will determine how long their therapies will last.

Myth 4: Schizophrenia is caused by bad parenting

Fact: Schizophrenia has specific genetic and environmental risk factors and is not directly caused by bad parenting.

According to Dr. Rego, there was once the notion that if a child had schizophrenia, it was the mother’s fault or the fault of both parents. There is no proof that a person’s parenting style contributes to the disorder, even though there is a hereditary sensitivity to it and that the disease tends to run in families, according to him.

Dr. Ferrando adds that even if one of your parents has schizophrenia, your likelihood of developing it is less than 25%.

So, what causes it? According to the American Psychological Association, there may not be a single gene that causes schizophrenia; instead, it’s more likely that a combination of genes and environmental variables are to blame.

Extreme academic stress and substance misuse are two examples of environmental conditions that may precipitate the onset of schizophrenia. says Dr. Ferrando. We are aware that situations like this might cause high environmental stress and lead to the development of schizophrenia.

It may be frightening to learn that you or a loved one has schizophrenia. Knowing the truth about the problem not only helps remove the stigma attached to it but also frees you up to concentrate on an efficient treatment strategy.

Myth 5: People with Schizophrenia have the same symptoms

Fact: Not everyone with schizophrenia experiences the same symptoms nor the same severity of symptoms.

Schizophrenia comes in various forms, including paranoid, disorganized, childhood, and catatonic schizophrenia. Schizoaffective disorder, agoraphobia, and panic disorder are illnesses strongly related to schizophrenia.

Depending on the culture in which the patient was diagnosed, there are different types and symptoms of schizophrenia. For instance, religious delusions are more prevalent where Christianity is widespread, although this is not the case in civilizations where Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam are more widely practiced. Compared to other societies, Africans with schizophrenia are more likely to experience hallucinations.

A link between societies with better linguistic ability and a worse prognosis was discovered. Additionally, compared to the US or the UK, schizophrenia’s negative symptoms were said to be worse in India. Interesting studies indicate that the severity of schizophrenia symptoms varies among cultures.


In conclusion, eliminating these common misunderstandings about schizophrenia is essential for making society more understanding and well-informed on mental health. Getting rid of the stigma surrounding schizophrenia, encouraging early intervention, and helping people who need it all depend on sound knowledge of the condition. A lot of people around the world have schizophrenia, which is a complex mental illness.

Myths about the misunderstanding of multiple personality disorder, the link with violence, and the idea that it can’t be treated may help us be more understanding and accepting. It is just like anyone else: people who have schizophrenia deserve to be understood, valued, and able to get the proper treatment.

Working with a mental health clinician is a crucial aspect of managing schizophrenia. These professionals are trained to provide the necessary support, therapy, and medication management to help individuals with schizophrenia lead fulfilling lives. By dispelling the myths about schizophrenia and promoting a more open-minded and well-informed conversation, we can ensure that people identified with schizophrenia receive the care and support they deserve. It is important to remember that people with schizophrenia are not defined by their illness. With the proper care and support, they can live meaningful and satisfying lives, reach their goals, and make valuable contributions to society.

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